The total population of Poland on 1 January 2016 stood at 37,967,200. Its population declined by 38,400 in 2015, most of which was due to an excess of deaths over births.
As of 1 January 2016, the core Jewish population of Poland was estimated to be 3,200 (0.008% of the wider population), and the enlarged Jewish population was estimated at 7,500 (0.02% of the wider population).
The core Jewish population was estimated to be 3,800 in 1990 ( 0.01% of the wider population), and has therefore declined by 16% over 25 years during which the wider population has remained almost static.
Between 1990 and 2015, 1,075 Poles emigrated to Israel.
An estimated 10,000 Poles qualify for Israeli citizenship under the Law of Return.
Most of Poland's Jews live in Warsaw, with other communities in Krakow, Wroclaw, Lodz and a number of other locations.