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map of Italy Italy

Total country population 60,300,000
Core Jewish population 27,200
Jews per total 1,000 in population 0.45
Population with a Jewish parent 34,000
Enlarged Jewish population 41,000
Law of Return Jewish population 48,000



  • The total population of Italy on 1 January 2016 stood at 60,665,600. Its population declined by 130,100 in 2015, due to an excess of deaths over births. 
  • As of 1 January 2016, the core Jewish population of Italy was estimated to be 27,400 (0.05% of the wider population), and the enlarged Jewish population was estimated at 40,000 (0.07 % of the wider population). 
  • The core Jewish population was estimated to be 31,200 in 1990 (0.06% of the wider population), and has therefore declined by approximately 12% over 25 years during which the wider population grew by approximately 7%. 
  • Between 1990 and 2015, 2258 Italians emigrated to Israel. 
  • An estimated 45,000 Italians qualify for Israeli citizenship under the Law of Return. 
  • The largest Jewish communities are in Rome and Milan, with smaller communities in Turin, Florence, Venice, Livorno and a number of other locations. 

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