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map of Lithuania Lithuania

Total country population 2,800,000
Core Jewish population 2,300
Jews per total 1,000 in population 0.82
Population with a Jewish parent 4,700
Enlarged Jewish population 7,500
Law of Return Jewish population 10,500



  • The total population of Lithuania on 1 January 2016 stood at 2,888,600. Its population declined by 32,700 in 2015 due to an excess of deaths over births and migration.
  • As of 1 January 2016, the core Jewish population of Lithuania is estimated to be 2,700 (0.09% of the wider population), and the enlarged Jewish population was estimated at 6,500 (0.23% of the wider population).
  • The core Jewish population was estimated to be 9,000 in 1990 (0.19% of the wider population) and has therefore declined by approximately 70% over 25 years during which the wider population has declined by approximately 23%.
  • Between 1990 and 2015, over 8,000 Lithuanians emigrated to Israel.
  • An estimated 10,000 Lithuanians qualify for Israeli citizenship under the Law of Return.
  • The Lithuanian Jewish population is concentrated in the capital, Vilnius, with smaller population centres including Klaipėda and Kaunas.

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