The total population of Luxembourg on 1 January 2016 stood at 576,200. Its population grew by 13,300 in 2015, most of which was due to inward migration.
As of 1 January 2016, the core Jewish population of Luxembourg was estimated to be 600 (0.10% of the wider population), and the enlarged Jewish population was estimated at 1000 (0.17% of the wider population).
An estimated 1,200 Luxembourgers qualify for Israeli citizenship under the Law of Return.
The Jewish community is concentrated in Luxembourg City and Esch-sur-Alzette.