The total population of Turkey on 1 January 2016 stood at 78,741,100. Its population grew by 1,045,100 in 2015, with 920,600 due to an excess of births over deaths and 124,600 due to inward migration.
As of 1 January 2016, the core Jewish population of Turkey was estimated to be 15,500 (0.02% of the wider population), and the enlarged Jewish population was estimated at 21,000 (0.03% of the wider population).
An estimated 23,000 Turks qualify for Israeli citizenship under the Law of Return.
The Jewish community is concentrated in Istanbul with smaller communities in Izmir and a number of other cities. The majority of the community is Sephardi.